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History of Sheriff

The Sheriff’s office is a vital aspect of the criminal justice system in Texas, as it is responsible for maintaining peace and order, enforcing the laws of the state, and safeguarding the welfare of the citizens within its jurisdiction. The office is established under the Texas Constitution and is present in all 254 counties, providing a comprehensive network of law enforcement coverage throughout the state.

The Sheriff is mandated by statute to serve as a peace officer, conservator of the peace, and enforcer of criminal laws. The Sheriff is also responsible for the county jail, where suspects and individuals awaiting trial are held. Additional duties include overseeing the bail bond system, and ensuring that those released on bond adhere to the terms of their release. The Sheriff also handles the civil process, serving legal papers such as subpoenas, and is responsible for the security of the courts.

Responsibilities for this role also include being a tax collector, collecting and management of property, and other taxes. The role of the Sheriff is significant and far-reaching, and the office is often considered one of the oldest in the criminal justice system. Sheriffs are elected to office by the citizens of their county and serve a four-year term, providing accountability and a direct link between law enforcement and the community.

The Sheriff’s office is committed to serving and protecting the citizens of Texas, providing a safe and secure environment for all.